König Sejong der Große. Das ewige Licht Koreas. | Bae, Kichan | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch. Die König-Sejong-Station (kor.: 세종과학기지, Sejong Gwahak Giji; engl.: King Sejong Station) ist eine südkoreanische Forschungsstation in der Antarktis. Oktober ist in Korea Hangeul-Tag, an dem die Erfindung der koreanischen Schrift duch König Sejong gefeiert wird. Das aus phonetischen.
Musikliebhaber König SejongKönig Sejong der Große von Korea erfand die koreanische Schrift als hangul bekannt. Erfahren Sie mehr über sein Leben, Herrschaft und. Die erste Hälfte des Jh. war in Korea gekennzeichnet von einem außerordentlichen kulturellen und wissenschaftlichen Schöpfergeist, für den es wel. Oktober ist in Korea Hangeul-Tag, an dem die Erfindung der koreanischen Schrift duch König Sejong gefeiert wird. Das aus phonetischen.
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Sejong promoted the sciences. Jang was naturally a creative and smart thinker as a young person. Sejong noticed Jang's skill and immediately called him to his court in Seoul.
Upon giving Jang a government position and funding for his inventions, officials protested, believing a person from the lower classes should not rise to power among nobles.
Sejong instead believed Jang merited support because of his ability. Jang created new significant designs for water clocks , armillary spheres , and sundials.
In , Jang made one of the world's first standardized rain gauges named Cheugugi. When he came across mention of a rain gauge, King Yeongjo ordered a reproduction.
Since there is a mark of the Qing Dynasty ruler Qianlong r. Sejong also wanted to reform the Korean calendar system, which was at the time based upon the longitude of the Chinese capital.
In the realm of traditional Korean medicine , two important treatises were written during his reign. These were the Hyangyak jipseongbang and the Euibang yuchwi , which historian Kim Yongsik says represents "Koreans' efforts to develop their own system of medical knowledge, distinct from that of China.
In , Sejong the Great enacted a law that granted government nobi women days of maternity leave after childbirth, which, in , was lengthened by one month before childbirth.
In , Sejong also granted the husbands 30 days of paternity leave. In order to provide equality and fairness in taxation for the common people, Sejong the Great issued a royal decree to administer a nationwide public opinion poll regarding a new tax system called Gongbeop in Sejong depended on the agricultural produce of Joseon's farmers, so he allowed them to pay more or less tax according to fluctuations of economic prosperity or hard times.
Once the palace had a significant surplus of food, King Sejong then distributed food to poor peasants or farmers who needed it. It was the first book about Korean farming, dealing with agricultural subjects such as planting, harvesting, and soil treatment.
Sejong was also a writer. It consisted of scholars selected by the king. The Hall participated in various scholarly endeavors, of which the best known may be the compilation of the Hunmin Jeongeum.
King Sejong the Great profoundly affected Korean history with his personal creation and introduction of hangul , the native phonetic writing system for the Korean language.
Before the creation of Hangul, people in Korea known as Joseon at the time primarily wrote using Classical Chinese alongside phonetic writing systems based on Chinese script that predated Hangul by hundreds of years, including idu , hyangchal , gugyeol , and gakpil.
To assuage this problem, King Sejong created the unique alphabet known as Hangul to promote literacy among the common people.
King Sejong created the Korean alphabet which numbered 28 letters at its introduction, of which four letters have become obsolete , with the explicit goal being that Koreans from all classes would read and write.
Each consonant letter is based on a simplified diagram of the patterns made by the human speech organs the mouth, tongue and teeth when producing the sound related to the character, while vowels were formed by combinations of dots and lines representing heaven a circular dot , earth a horizontal line and humanity a vertical line.
Morphemes are built by writing the characters in syllabic blocks. The blocks of letters are then strung together linearly.
Hangul was completed in and published in along with a page manual titled Hunmin Jeong-eum , explaining what the letters are as well as the philosophical theories and motives behind them.
People previously unfamiliar with Hangul can typically pronounce Korean script accurately after only a few hours of study.
Sejong was blinded years later by diabetes complications that eventually took his life in His successor was his first son, Munjong. Sejong judged that his sickly son, Munjong , was unlikely to live long and on his deathbed asked the Hall of Worthies scholars to look after his young grandson, Danjong.
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